Grade 8

Grade 8 Language Arts

This year, students dissect text. They read closely to determine what the text says and make logical inferences from it and cite specific evidence when writing or speaking. The refine their skills and understanding of proper capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. They apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts.
Your student will:

  • cite evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says as well as inferences drawn;
  • determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; and provide an objective summary of the text;
  • analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision;
  • determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts;
  • compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each contributes to its meaning and style;
  • analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors;
  • analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new;
  • write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts;
  • write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content;
  • write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences;
  • make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations; and
  • demonstrate command of grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

COMMON CORE EXPECTATIONS

  • understand what the author says;
  • formulate an objective summary of the text;
  • understand theme /character relationships;
  • understand theme/setting;
  • understand theme/plot;
  • understand causal relationship of dialogue and/or events on plot development;
  • identify character traits or aspects;
  • understand connotations;
  • understand figurative language (simile, metaphor, analogy, hyperbole, personification, idioms, onomatopoeia);
  • understand how word choice affects meaning and tone;
  • understand the use of analogies and allusion;
  • understand text structure and form;
  • understand how text structure contributes to the meaning of a text;
  • compare and contrast structures of text;
  • explain and identify various points of view;
  • understand and explain the development of the narrator’s or speaker’s point of view;
  • determine the effect of differing points of view;
  • recognize and understand text devices (eg. irony);
  • recognize and understand text effects (eg. suspense, humor);
  • identify hierarchy of evidence to support analysis;
  • understand the differences in various mediums (print, video, multimedia);
  • compare the presentation of a topic in one or more mediums;.
  • evaluate the effectiveness of using different mediums;
  • understand format & purpose of career development documents (business letter, job application);
  • craft a thesis statement;
  • use formatting, graphics, media;
  • provide concrete details;
  • use transitions;
  • understand & use formal style;
  • write powerful conclusions;
  • understand the writing process;
  • understand purpose for writing;
  • understand audience;
  • understand how to organize ideas and use transitions to create cohesion among characters and ideas;
  • organize well-crafted paragraphs;
  • determine purpose and audience;
  • understand & use research skills;
  • understand and use reflective writing;
  • plan and deliver a presentation;
  • distinguish between a claim and a finding;
  • establish a context and viewpoint;
  • present events in a logical sequence;
  • use techniques such as dialogue, pacing, description and sensory language when presenting information;
  • speak with adequate volume and clear pronunciation;
  • understand the use of gerunds, participles, and infinitives;
  • understand the difference between various pronouns (subject, object, possessive, singular, plural; first, second, and third person pronouns; antecedent and indefinite pronouns);
  • understand and correctly use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjunctive mood; and
  • use modifiers clearly and correctly.

Grade 8 Math

In Grade 8, your student learns to formulate and understand mathematical expressions and equations, including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation, and solving linear equations and systems of linear equations. A student will use functions to describe quantitative relationships, analyzing two- and three-dimensional space and figures using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence, and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.
Your student will:

  • know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers;
  • work with radicals and integer exponents;
  • understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations;
  • Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations;
  • define, evaluate, and compare functions;
  • use functions to model relationships between quantities;
  • understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software;
  • understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem;
  • solve real-world and mathematical problems such as volume of cylinders, cones and spheres; and
  • investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.

COMMON CORE EXPECTATIONS

  • demonstrate that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers;
  • work with radicals and integer exponents;
  • understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations;
  • analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations;
  • define, evaluate, and compare functions;
  • use functions to model relationships between quantities;
  • understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software;
  • understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem;
  • solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres; and
  • investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.