Grade 1

Grade 1 Reading

This year is a big year for reading. Your student will learn how to read poems and stories as well as describe characters, settings, and major events, using key details. Your student will:

  • read stories;
  • learn to ask questions about key details;
  • retell and summarize stories;
  • recite the central message;
  • describe characters, settings, and major events, using key details from the story
  • learn to identify words and phrases that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses;
  • explain the differences between fiction and nonfiction; and
  • identify the narrator.


  • Can you tell me what happened in the story at the beginning? What happened after that? What happened at the end of the story?
  • Can you tell me where the story took place?
  • Can you tell me the important things that happened in the story?
  • Who are the characters in the story? What do you know about them?
  • Can you find the feeling words in this poem/story?
  • Is this book an informational book or a story book? What in the text leads you to that answer?
  • Who is telling the story in this part of the book?
  • Can you find an illustration or part that shows the main character?
  • Can you find an illustration or part that shows the setting?
  • Can you find an illustration or part that shows the problem in the story?
  • What is the same about the characters in the two stories? What is different?
  • What happened to the characters that is the same? What is different?
  • Did the characters solve the problem in different ways? If so, how?

COMMON CORE EXPECTATIONS Your child should be able to:

  • recite vowels;
  • know many one syllable words;
  • recognize individual sounds of combined letters;
  • begin to break down syllables in two-syllable words;
  • find words and phrases that point to feelings or senses;
  • explain the difference between books that tell a story and books that provide information;
  • identify who is telling the story at different points in the text;
  • point to the book’s illustrations and details to describe characters, setting, or events;
  • compare and contrast adventures and characters;
  • read grade-level prose and poetry;
  • recall key details;
  • identify the main topic;
  • find similarities and differences;
  • describe connections between characters or events and ideas;
  • clarify the meaning of grade-level words;
  • identify and use headings, table of contents, electronic searches, and glossaries to locate key information text;
  • distinguish types of information found in graphics and text;
  • use basic capitalization, periods, and question marks;
  • begin to learn to read and understand informational text;
  • learn to gain meaning through context clues; and
  • begin writing opinion, information paragraphs, and narrative that uses two appropriately sequenced events, some details, and has an introduction plus a conclusion.

Grade 1 Math

Your student learns to add and subtract numbers from 0-20. Plus, this year brings an introduction to fractions, telling time, and deeper understanding of two-digit place value.
Your student will:

  • work with numbers up to 120;
  • learn to add and subtract numbers 0-20;
  • begin to solve word problems using objects, drawings, and equations;
  • measure lengths of an object;
  • use shorter objects to build a new object of a desired length;
  • learn to tell time;
  • develop an understanding of two-digit place value, gaining competency in recognizing the ones and tens;
  • begin to partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares; and
  • recognize and describe halves and quarters of basic shapes.


  • What time is it?
  • How many of these small pieces will it take to measure this long?
  • Can you divide this in half?
  • Can you divide in quarters?
  • How long is this?
  • How many apples should we buy? How many more do we need to make that number?
  • Would you please count the change and make sure it was correct?

Your child should be able to:

  • solve word problems using numbers 0-20. This will include adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing quantities by using objects, drawings and equations;
  • solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers that add up to 20;
  • show fluency for addition and subtraction for numbers 0-10;
  • understand the equal sign;
  • determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false;
  • determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction;
  • count to 120, starting at any number less than 120;
  • understand that the digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones;
  • add to 100, including two-digit and one-digit numbers;
  • add and subtract in multiples of 10, using models or drawings to show strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction;
  • given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less;
  • order three objects by length;
  • compare lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object;
  • express the length of an object as a whole number of length units by laying multiple copies of a shorter object end to end;
  • tell and write time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks;
  • understand and compare up to three categories of data;
  • distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size;
  • compose two-dimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles, and quarter-circles) or three-dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape; and
  • partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares.